Trauma is an important concept for the prevention field because it is a risk factor for substance use disorders and other behavioral health challenges. A strong understanding of trauma can enhance both direct and indirect prevention services.
This Prevention Tactic describes the impact of trauma on individuals and communities, especially on risk for substance use disorders; defines the key components of a trauma-informed approach, and how it differs from current prevention efforts; and provides examples from cities that are using a trauma-informed approach to whole community wellness. Sample topics include:
- Three E’s of trauma
- Types and causes of trauma, including collective trauma, racial trauma, and historical or generational trauma
- Influence of trauma on the brain and development
- Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and substance use disorder
- Key principles and strategies for a trauma-informed approach
- Collective actions to address trauma